Craniosacral Therapy — Indigestion

INDIGESTION (abdominal/stomach pain, gas, bloating, belching, colics, etc) has numerous causes (see list).  However, little or no attention is given to the possibility that indigestion may arise from connective tissue distortion due to muscle tension and/or injury (trauma, surgery) anywhere along the spine, the head, or the face.

Indigestion is also quite common during pregnancy as the uterus expands and puts pressure on the stomach, pancreas, liver, and digestive tract.

The connective tissue transmits trauma to the structures it envelops.

Muscle tension is transmitted to the joints and bony structures of the body via the connective tissue (fascia, ligaments, tendons, etc), which weaves through, and envelops, every cell, tissue, organ, muscle, and other structures, such as blood and lymph vessels, meridians, and nerves.

Muscle tension, as well as injury to muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, or bones (fractures), or an expanding uterus during pregnancy, distort the connective tissue by twisting, stretching, and/or compressing it.  Consequently, the connective tissue shortens and tightens around the structures it envelops.  Moreover, it becomes sticky and toughens up, creating a stranglehold around these structures.

Connective tissue distortion affects how well we digest our food.

CHEWING (mastication)

  • muscles of mastication — temporalis, masseter, pterygoids
  • temporomandibular joint
  • jaw, teeth, tongue
  • oral cavity
  • salivary glands (produce and secrete saliva that contains digestive enzymes, and has antimicrobial properties –an immune function)

Any trauma to the head may cause distortion to any of these structures.  The head and the face bones are connected to each other via sutures (a form of connective tissue) that hold these bones together, sort of like a 3-d puzzle.

All the bones can move relative to each other.  Thus their relationship can easily become distorted by a hit to the head or face, a fall on the head, or even inflammation or infection of the soft tissue (muscles, connective tissue, skin, glands).

Muscle tension, transmitted via the connective tissue, may shift the head or facial bones as well.

This may result in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction, misalignment of the upper with the lower jaw (malocclusion), dysfunction of the salivary glands, or fascial distortion of the oral cavity and pharynx.

Head or facial trauma, inflammation, or infection can thus interfere with efficient chewing and adequate saliva production.


  • tongue
  • pharynx
  • epiglottis
  • esophagus

These are the structures involved in moving the food from the oral cavity down to the stomach.  They consist mostly of smooth and skeletal muscle and connective tissue (fascia and cartilage).

Distortion of the connective tissue can interfere with the muscle action, and thus with food transport (swallowing).


  • stomach, pancreas, liver, gall bladder, small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, ilium)
  • nerve supply to these organs
  • blood supply to these organs (necessary for absorption and distribution of nutrients from food)
  • lymph vessels to transfer lipids for further processing in the liver

Because of their close proximity to the rib cage (front and back) and/or the spine, these organs, blood vessels, and lymph vessels,  may sustain injury when these structures are injured.

Further, these organs, blood vessels, nerves, and lymph vessels, are enveloped by connective tissue lined with serous membrane (peritoneum, mesentery) that holds them in place within the abdominal cavity.

Therefore, any distortion of this connective tissue from infection, inflammation, surgery (loss of tissue plus scarring), trauma, or even poor posture, may twist, pull, or squeeze these structures, interfering with blood and nerve supply, as well as the functioning of the organs of digestion.


  • large intestine/colon (ascending, transverse, descending (including the sigmoid colon)
  • rectum, anus

As with the rest of the body, these structures, along with their blood and nerve supply, are invested with, and held in place by, the connective tissue (mesentery).

The sigmoid colon, and rectum are located very close to the sacrum and coccyx.  Thus, a distortion of the connective tissue from injury (accidental trauma, surgery) to the lower spine, sacrum, and/or coccyx can result in irregular bowel movement, alternating diarrhea and constipation, or constipation alone, as well as hemorrhoids.

Connective tissue distortion within the abdominal cavity from trauma, surgery, infections, inflammation, abdominal tension, and so forth may interfere with smooth muscle contraction (peristalsis) of the large intestine, resulting in delayed emptying (bowel movements, stool), or dysfunctional, erratic muscle contractions, experienced as painful colics.

Craniosacral therapy and energetic unwinding help to improve digestion.

Craniosacral Therapy and energetic unwinding help the body to release the tension and distortion within the connective tissue anywhere in the body, making it the ideal physical therapy modality for indigestion.

Craniosacral Therapy and energetic unwinding are two related therapies that gently help the body to sink into a state of deep relaxation (parasympathetic state) where the body does its repair to restore its health and balance.

Herbs and homeopathy can be of great help to restore intestinal health and function.

Healthy nutrition, adequate sleep, fresh air, and physical movement, are of course fundamental to healthy digestion.